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Christopher Howard
The Jean Freeman Gallery Does Not Exist
Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2018

From the summer of 1970 to March 1971, advertisements appeared in four leading art magazines—Artforum, Art in America, Arts Magazine, and ARTnews—for a group show and six solo exhibitions at the Jean Freeman Gallery at 26 West Fifty-Seventh Street, in the heart of Manhattan’s gallery district. As gallery goers soon discovered, this address did not exist-the building numbers went from 16 to 20 to 24 to 28-and neither did the art supposedly exhibited there. The ads were promoting fictional shows by fictional artists in a fictional gallery. The scheme, eventually exposed by a New York Times reporter, was concocted by the artist Terry Fugate-Wilcox as both work of art and critique of the art world. In this book, Christopher Howard brings this forgotten Conceptual art project back into view.

Howard demonstrates that Fugate-Wilcox’s project was an exceptionally clever embodiment of Conceptualism, incisively synthesizing the major aesthetic issues of its time: documentation and dematerialization, serialism and process, text and image, publishing and publicity. He puts the Jean Freeman Gallery in the context of other magazine-based work by Mel Bochner, Judy Chicago, Yoko Ono, and Ed Ruscha, among others, and compares the fictional artists’ projects with actual Earthworks by Walter De Maria, Peter Hutchinson, Dennis Oppenheim, and more. Despite the deadpan perfection of the Jean Freeman Gallery, the art establishment marginalized its creator, and the project itself was virtually erased from art history. Howard corrects these omissions, drawing on deep archival research, personal interviews, and investigation of fine-printed clues to shed new light on a New York art world mystery.

Fugate-Wilcox regularly exhibited his work in New York for many years—he was represented by James Yu and Louis K. Meisel in the 1970s, staged a three-part solo show at the historic 112 Greene Street, executed several public artworks throughout the city into the 1980s, and sold his work outside the traditional gallery system after that. The Jean Freeman Gallery Does Not Exist presents the first scholarly account of the activities of an overlooked artist, launching an inquiry into a larger body of work that other historians and critics will most certainly pursue.


Buy the book in New York from McNally Jackson in SoHo or Williamsburg, various locations of Book Culture, at Strand Books near Union Square, at Printed Matter in Chelsea, at Community Bookstore in Park Slope, and at Astoria Bookshop in Queens.


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Reviews and Press

Domenick Ammirati, “Jeaneology of Morals,” Artforum, December 3, 2018.

Aurelio Cianciotta, “Christopher Howard – The Jean Freeman Gallery Does Not Exist,” Neural, May 15, 2019.

Editors, “From the Archives: Ripping Off the Art Magazines,” Art in America, November 14, 2018.

Editors of ARTnews, “From the Archives: A Fictional Writer Profiles a Fictional Artist, in 1969,” ARTnews, October 5, 2018.

Walt R. Monheit, “Customer Reviews,” Amazon, April 11, 2019.

Andrew Russeth, “The Gallery That Wasn’t There,” ARTnews, October 4, 2018.

Jennie Waldow, “Christopher Howard’s The Jean Freeman Gallery Does Not Exist,” Brooklyn Rail (December 2018–January 2019).

Lucy Watson, “The Jean Freeman Gallery Does Not Exist,” ArtReview 70, no. 7 (October 2018).